Below are some common types of depression:


This isn't a technical term in psychiatry. But you can have a depressed mood when you're having trouble managing a stressful event in your life, such as a death in your family, a divorce, or losing your job. Your doctor may call this "stress response syndrome."


Major Depression is having symptoms of depression most of the day, nearly every day for at least 2 weeks that interfere with your ability to work, sleep, study, eat, and enjoy life. An episode may occur only once in a person’s lifetime, but frequently a person has several occurrences. These may be years apart.


Persistent Depressive Disorder (dysthymia) is having symptoms of depression that last for at least 2 years. A person diagnosed with this form of depression may have episodes of major depression along with periods of less severe symptoms.


Bipolar disorder, also known as manic depression, is a mental illness that brings severe high and low moods and changes in sleep, energy, thinking, and behavior. People who have bipolar disorder can have periods in which they feel overly happy and energized and other periods of feeling very sad, hopeless, and sluggish. In between those periods, they usually feel normal. 


PMDD is more severe than the symptoms experienced in PMS and requires medical treatment. Symptoms are most commonly experienced during the second half of the menstrual cycle. For some women, the symptoms of PMDD can last until menopause.


SAD is a type of depression that comes and goes with the seasons, typically starting in the late fall and early winter and going away during the spring and summer.


This type of depression occurs when a person has severe depression plus some form of psychosis, such as having disturbing false fixed beliefs (delusions) or hearing or seeing upsetting things that others cannot hear or see (hallucinations).


Many people mistakenly believe that being depressed is a choice, or that they need to have a positive attitude. Friends and loved ones often get frustrated or don't understand why a person can't "snap out of it." They may even say that the person “has nothing to be depressed about”. Depression is a real mental illness. Those who have depression cannot simply decide to stop feeling depressed. Unlike typical sadness or worry, depression feels

all-consuming and hopeless.

Feeling kind of down

We all go through personal “funks” in life, perhaps as a result of: not doing as well as you wanted on an exam; a relationship that didn’t pan out as you had hoped; a project or idea that didn’t develop as you hoped. It’s considered normal to feel down as a result of such events. Hormonal changes, medications or illness (diabetes, heart disease) may exacerbate such “downcycles”.

More than a little blue

If such feelings last 2 weeks or more, it’s probably time to see a medical professional for a diagnosis. Major life changes and stressful events may trigger sustained depression. These events might include divorce, the death of a loved one, job loss, or financial problems. Symptoms may include: lack of pleasure or joy; problems focusing or concentrating; sleep, energy, eating, headaches and bodily pain and nausea

Seriously depressed

Kate Middleton’s younger brother, James, described his own battle with depression as “not merely sadness. It is an illness, a cancer of the mind.” that made him feel like a “complete failure.” “It’s not a feeling but an absence of feelings. You exist without purpose or direction. “I couldn’t feel joy, excitement or anticipation – only heart-thudding anxiety propelled me out of bed in the morning. I didn’t actually contemplate suicide — but I didn’t want to live in the state of mind I was in either.” Procedures and medications are generally available to mediate even the worst of depressions.

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